Antiochus


Antiochus
   The name of several Syrian kings from B.C. 280 to B.C. 65. The most notable of these were
   1) Antiochus the Great, who ascended the throne B.C. 223. He is regarded as the "king of the north" referred to in Dan. 11:13-19. He was succeeded (B.C. 187) by his son, Seleucus Philopater, spoken of by Daniel (11:20) as "a raiser of taxes", in the Revised Version, "one that shall cause an exactor to pass through the glory of the kingdom."
   2) Antiochus IV., surnamed "Epiphanes" i.e., the Illustrious, succeeded his brother Seleucus (B.C. 175). His career and character are prophetically described by Daniel (11:21-32). He was a "vile person." In a spirit of revenge he organized an expedition against Jerusalem, which he destroyed, putting vast multitudes of its inhabitants to death in the most cruel manner. From this time the Jews began the great war of independence under their heroic Maccabean leaders with marked success, defeating the armies of Antiochus that were sent against them. Enraged at this, Antiochus marched against them in person, threatening utterly to exterminate the nation; but on the way he was suddenly arrested by the hand of death (B.C. 164).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • ANTIOCHUS° — ANTIOCHUS°, name of 13 Seleucid monarchs who ruled Syria for the greater part of two and a half centuries. They include: (1) ANTIOCHUS I SOTER (b. 324 B.C.E.), son of Seleucus I Nicator, ruled from 281 to 261. Although unsuccessful in his attempt …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antiochus — is the name of thirteen kings of the Seleucid Empire:*Antiochus I Soter *Antiochus II Theos *Antiochus III the Great *Antiochus IV Epiphanes *Antiochus V Eupator *Antiochus VI Dionysus *Antiochus VII Sidetes *Antiochus VIII Grypus *Antiochus IX… …   Wikipedia

  • Antiochus — Antiochus1 [an tī′ə kəs] n. name of thirteen kings of the Seleucid dynasty of Syria Antiochus2 [an tī′ə kəs] 1. Antiochus III 242 187 B.C.; Syrian king (223 187): called Antiochus the Great 2. Antiochus IV died 163? B.C.; Syrian king (175? 163?) …   Universalium

  • Antiochus — Antiochus1 [an tī′ə kəs] n. name of thirteen kings of the Seleucid dynasty of Syria Antiochus2 [an tī′ə kəs] 1. Antiochus III 242 187 B.C.; Syrian king (223 187): called Antiochus the Great 2. Antiochus IV died 163? B.C.; Syrian king (175? 163?) …   English World dictionary

  • Antiochus V — Eupator (ca. 173 BC 162 BC), was a ruler of the Greek Seleucid Empire who reigned 164 162 BC. He was only nine when he succeeded to the kingship, following the death in Persia of his father Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Regent for the boy was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Antiochus — Antiochus, der Name von 12 oder 13 syrisch griechischen Königen; unter ihnen: Antiochus I. 282–262 vor Chr., Soter (Retter) wegen eines Sieges über die Galater genannt. A. II., Theos (Gott), 262–246 vor Chr., kriegte ohne Vortheil mit Aegypten; A …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ANTIOCHUS IV — ANTIOCHUS IV. Epiphanes, h. e. Illustris sive Nobilis, post Seleucum fratrem, VIII. Syriae Rex, regnavit ann. 12. Hic Hierosolymam destruxit, et muta mala Iudaeis intulit, crudelissimus omnium tyrannorum, ideoque Epimanes, h. e. Insanus, aut… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Antiochus — Antiŏchus, mehrere syr. Könige aus dem Geschlecht der Seleukiden. A. I., Sohn des Seleucus Nikator, 281 261 v. Chr., mit dem Beinamen Soter (Retter) wegen seines Sieges über die Gallier in Kleinasien. – Sein Sohn A. II., 261 247 v. Chr., Theos… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Antiochus IV — (Antiochus Epiphanes) died 164? B.C., king of Syria 175 164?. * * * …   Universalium

  • Antiochus — of Ascalon …   Philosophy dictionary

  • ANTIOCHUS I — ANTIOCHUS I. Soter, Seleuci fil. eiusque nominis primus. Syriae, et Asiae Rex, regnavit, ann. 19. Stratonicen novercam, Erasistrati Medici suasu, Patre consentiente, duxit. Euseb. in Chron. Val. Max. l. 5. c. 7. ex. 4. Iustin. l. 36. et 38. Polyb …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale